Liberation Psychology, Rwanda, Thought Leadership, Trauma Treatment


The leadership team of ISP International has deep experience and passion for international psychology and liberation.  Our paths have crossed in meaningful ways and led us to combine our professional experiences and launch ISP International.

Today I will share how my path crossed with Dr. Sujata Regina Swaroop’s.  We were both eager students at the Chicago campus of The Chicago School of Professional Psychology.  Both of us entered graduate school with international relief work experiences and a cemented conviction to become International Psychologists.  Looking back I don’t think there was ever an option for us NOT to meet, connect, and dream together.


World Refugee Day. 2010. Chicago, IL

Rewind to the Rwandan Infastructure and Capacity Building Program that was chartered at our graduate school.  Naturally, both of us found our way to this program and delved into extensive literature reviews, meta analysis, and program development for this new train the trainer model.

At this time International Psychology and Human Rights was in the background of many graduate programs.  Psychology students who wanted to specialize in international psychology often struggled to find specific training opportunities in which to implement the research on human rights violations they were digesting academically.  Thus furthering the divide between ‘in the trenches’ practice and academia.

Luckily, for Dr. Swaroop and I, we entered graduate school already having extensive international programmatic experiences.  We were in the trenches first and pursued our doctorates second! Our friendship led us to collaborate together since 2008.  Below is the abstract of one of our peer-reviewed, published journal articles.  We wrote this together based on our work on the Rwandan Infastructure and Capacity Building Program.


Post-genocide Rwanda illustrates the damaging effects of colonialism, systematic oppression, and the need for transnational trauma interventions for continental and African people in the Diaspora. This paper is rooted in a phenomenological understanding of Rwandan trauma and healing experiences, which focuses on examining healing narratives of those who were impacted by the 1994 genocide. Findings will highlight the gaps in Western bio-medical interventions, underline indigenous trauma experiences, and incorporate Liberation Psychology as a treatment foundation for Rwandan trauma survivors.

Complex Trauma: A Critical Analysis of the Rwandan Fight for Liberation

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